CaCl2 Molecular Geometry

Drawing and predicting the CaCl2 molecular geometry is very easy. Here in this post, we described step by step method to construct CaCl2 molecular geometry.

Key Points To Consider When drawing The CaCl2 Molecular Geometry

A three-step approach for drawing the CaCl2 molecular can be used. The first step is to sketch the molecular geometry of the CaCl2 molecule, to calculate the lone pairs of the electron in the central calcium atom; the second step is to calculate the CaCl2 hybridization, and the third step is to give perfect notation for the CaCl2 molecular geometry.

The CaCl2 molecular geometry is a diagram that illustrates the number of valence electrons and bond electron pairs in the CaCl2 molecule in a specific geometric manner. The geometry of the CaCl2 molecule can then be predicted using the Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory (VSEPR Theory) and molecular hybridization theory, which states that molecules will choose a CaCl2 geometrical shape in which the electrons have from one another in the specific molecular structure.

Finally, you must add their bond polarities characteristics to compute the strength of the Ca-Cl bond (dipole moment properties of the CaCl2 molecular geometry). The calcium-chlorine bonds in the calcium chloride molecule(CaCl2), for example, are polarised toward the more electronegative value chlorine atom, and because both bonds have the same size and polarity, their sum is zero due to the CaCl2 molecule’s bond dipole moment, and the CaCl2 molecule is classified as a nonpolar molecule.

The molecule of calcium chloride (with linear CaCl2 molecular geometry) is tilted at 180 degrees and has a difference in electronegativity values between chlorine and calcium atoms, with chlorine’s pull being greater than calcium’s. As a result, it has no dipole moment in its molecular structure. The CaCl2 molecule has no dipole moment due to an equal charge distribution of negative and positive charges.

CaCl2 Molecular Geometry

CaCl2 electron and molecular geometry

According to the VSEPR theory, CaCl2 possesses a linear molecular geometry and a CaCl2-like electron geometry. Because the center atom, calcium, has two Ca-Cl bonds with the two chlorine atoms surrounding it. The Cl-Ca-Cl bond generates a 180-degree angle in the linear geometry. The CaCl2 molecule has a linear shape because it contains two chlorine atoms.

There are two Ca-Cl bonds at the linear CaCl2 molecular geometry. After linking the two chlorines in the linear form, it maintains the linear-like structure. In the CaCl2linear molecular geometry, the Ca-Cl bonds have stayed in the two terminals of the molecule.

The center calcium atom of CaCl2 has no lone pairs of electrons, resulting in linear electron geometry. However, the molecular geometry of CaCl2 is linear in nature. It’s the CaCl2 molecule’s symmetrical geometry. As a result, the CaCl2 molecule is nonpolar.

How to find CaCl2 molecular geometry

Calculating lone pairs of electron in CaCl2 molecular geometry:

  1. Determine the number of lone pairs on the core be an atom of the CaCl2 Lewis structure.
    Because the lone pairs on calcium are mostly responsible for the CaCl2 molecule geometry distortion, we need to calculate out how many there are on the central calcium atom of the Lewis structure.

Use the formula below to find the lone pair on the CaCl2 molecule’s central calcium atom.

L.P(Ca) = V.E(Ca) – N.A(Ca-Cl)/2

Lone pair on the central calcium atom = L.P(Ca)

The core central calcium atom’s valence electron = V.E(Ca)

Number of Ca-Cl bonds = N.A (Ca-Cl)

calculation for calcium atom lone pair in CaCl2 molecule

In the instance of CaCl2, the central atom, calcium, has two electrons in its outermost valence shell and two Ca-Cl bond connections.

As a result of this, L.P(Ca) = (2 –2)/2=0

In the CaCl2 electron geometry structure, the lone pair on the central calcium atom is zero. It means there are no lone pairs in the core calcium atom.

Calculate the number of molecular hybridizations of CaCl2 Molecular Geometry

How do you find the CaCl2 molecule’s hybridization? We must now determine the molecular hybridization number of CaCl2.

The formula of CaCl2 molecular hybridization is as follows:

No. Hyb of CaCl2 = N.A(Ca-Cl bonds) + L.P(Ca)

No. Hy of CaCl2= the number of hybridizations of CaCl2

Number of Ca-Cl bonds = N.A (Ca-Cl bonds)

Lone pair on the central calcium atom = L.P(Ca)

Calculation for hybridization number for CaCl2 molecule

In the CaCl2 molecule, calcium is a core atom with two chlorine atoms connected to it and no lone pairs. The number of CaCl2 hybridizations (No. Hyb of CaCl2) can then be estimated using the formula below.

No. Hyb of CaCl2= 2+0 =2

The CaCl2 molecule hybridization is two. The sp hybridization is formed when one S orbital and one p orbital join together to form a molecular orbital.

Notation of CaCl2 Molecular Geometry:

Determine the form of CaCl2 molecular geometry using VSEPR theory. The AXN technique is commonly used when the VSEPR theory is used to calculate the shape of the CaCl2 molecule.

The AXN notation of CaCl2 is as follows:

The center carbon atom in the CaCl2 molecule is denoted by the letter A.

The bound pairs (Ca-Cl) of electrons to the core atom are represented by X.

The lone pairs of electrons on the center calcium atom are denoted by the letter N.

Notation for CaCl2 molecular geometry

We know that calcium is the core atom, with two electron pairs bound (two Ca-Cl) and zero lone pairs. The general molecular geometry formula for CaCl2 is AX2.

According to the VSEPR theory, if the CaCl2 molecule has an AX2 generic formula, the molecular geometry and electron geometry will both be linear geometrical forms.

Name of MoleculeCalcium chloride
Chemical molecular formulaCaCl2
Molecular geometry of CaCl2Linear form
Electron geometry of CaCl2Linear form
Hybridization of CaCl2SP
Bond angle (Cl-Ca-Cl)180º degree
Total Valence electron for CaCl216
The formal charge of CaCl2 on calcium0


In this post, we discussed the method to construct CaCl2 molecular geometry, the method to find the lone pairs of electrons in the central calcium atom, CaCl2 hybridization, and CaCl2 molecular notation. Need to remember that, if you follow the above-said method, you can construct CaCl2 molecular structure very easily.

What is CaCl2 Molecular geometry?

CaCl2 Molecular geometry is an electronic structural representation of molecules.

What is the molecular notation for CaCl2 molecule?

CaCl2 molecular notation is AX2

The polarity of the molecules

Polarity of the molecules are listed as follows

Lewis Structure and Molecular Geometry

Lewis structure and molecular geometry of molecules are listed below

External Reference:

Information on CaCl2 molecule

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