Drawing CCl4 Lewis Structure is very easy. Here in this post, we described step by step method to construct CCl4 Lewis Structure.
Key Points To Consider When drawing The CCl4 Lewis Structure
A three-step approach for drawing the CCl4 Lewis Structure can be used. The first step is to sketch the Lewis structure of the CCl4 molecule, to add valence electron around the carbon atom; the second step is to valence electron to the Chlorine atom, and the final step is to combine the step1 and step2 to get the CCl4 Lewis Structure.
The CCl4 Lewis structure is a diagram that illustrates the number of valence electrons and bond electron pairs in the CCl4 molecule. The geometry of the CCl4 molecule can then be predicted using the Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory (VSEPR Theory), which states that molecules will choose a CCl4 geometrical shape in which the electrons have from one another.
Finally, you must add their bond polarities to compute the strength of the C-Cl bond (dipole moment properties of the CCl4 molecule). The carbon-Chlorine bonds in Carbon tetrachloride(CCl4), for example, are polarised toward the more electronegative carbon, and because both bonds have the same size, their sum is zero due to the CCl4 molecule’s bond dipole moment, and the CCl4 molecule is classified as a nonpolar molecule.
The molecule of Carbon tetrachloride (with tetrahedral geometry) is tilted at 109 degrees and has a difference in electronegativity values between Chlorine and carbon atoms, with Chlorine’s pull being roughly equal to carbon’s. As a result, it has no dipole moment indefinitely. The CCl4 molecule has no dipole moment due to an equal charge distribution of negative and positive charges.
How to draw the CCl4 Lewis Structure:
The centre atom is carbon, which is bordered on all sides by four Chlorine atoms. Carbon has four outermost valence electrons, indicating that it possesses four electrons in its outermost shell, whereas Chlorine only has seven. To complete the octet of the carbon atom, a carbon core atom requires four electrons. If you’re interested in learning more about the carbon octet rule, please see in our previous post.
Four Chlorine atoms establish covalent connections with the carbon atom as a result, leaving the carbon atom without any lone pairs. There are no lone pairs on the carbon core atom that resist the bond pairs of the four C-Cl. According to VSEPR theory, no electronic repulsion leads the CCl4 molecule to take on a tetrahedral shape like CH3Cl, CH3F, or CH2Cl2.
The CCl4 molecule’s C-Cl bonds are arranged in a symmetrical order around the tetrahedral geometry, giving rise to the tetrahedral shape. The CCl4 molecule has a tetrahedral geometry because there is no electrical repulsion between them.
Electronegative difference calculation CCl4 molecule:
Carbon has an electronegativity of 2.55, while Chlorine has an electronegativity of 2.22 in the CCl4 molecule. The difference in electronegativity can be estimated using the method below.
The electronegative value difference between carbon and Chlorine
Electronegativity value of Chlorine= 2.22
Electronegativity value of carbon= 2.55
Difference of electronegativity value between Chlorine and carbon= 2.55 – 2.22 =0.33Electronegativity difference between C-Cl bond calculation of CCl4 molecule
Due to the difference in electronegativity value of less than 0.5, the C-Cl bond of the CCl4 molecule becomes nonpolar. Because of this difference in electronegativity, the CCl4 molecule’s C-Cl bond becomes nonpolar. The electronegativity of an atom is the strength with which it may attract bound electron pairs to its side.
As a result, the C-Cl bond’s dipole moment is virtually negligible, and all C-Cl bonds’ dipoles are centered around the tetrahedral geometry. The CCl4 molecule’s total dipole moment is predicted to be 0 D. It has a partial negative charge for carbon atoms and a partial positive charge for Chlorine atoms.
The electron dot structure of the CCl4 molecule is also known as the CCl4 Lewis Structure. It determines the number of outermost valence electrons as well as the electrons engaged in the CCl4 molecule’s bond formation. The outermost valence electrons of the CCl4 molecule must be understood while considering the Lewis structure of the molecule.
The carbon atom is the middle element in molecular geometry, with four electrons in its outermost valence electron shell, whereas the Chlorine atom has seven electrons in its outermost valence electron shell.
The CCl4 molecule has a total of 32 valence electrons as a result of the foregoing reasoning. With the core carbon atom, the four Chlorine atoms form covalent bonds, leaving the carbon atom with no lone pairs on it.
The tetrahedral geometry and structure of the molecules are similar to that of the chloroform (CH3Cl) molecule because no lone pairs of central carbon atoms create interaction with C-Cl bond pairs. The bond angle of the Cl-C-Cl bond is approximately 109 degrees. The C-Cl bond has a 108-minute bond length (picometer).
To sketch the CCl4 Lewis structure by following these instructions:
Step-1: Adding valence electron on the carbon atom
Calculate the total number of electrons in the CCl4 molecule’s outermost valence shell. The first step is to determine how many electrons are in the CCl4 Lewis Structure’s outermost valence shell. An electron in an atom’s outermost shell is known as a valence electron. It is represented by dots in the CCl4 Lewis Structure diagram. The CCl4 molecule’s core carbon atom can be represented as follows:
To calculate the valence electron of each atom in CCl4, look for its periodic group. The carbon and Chlorine families, which are the first and 14th groups in the periodic table, are both made up of carbon and Chlorine atoms. In their outermost shells, carbon and Chlorine have four and seven valence electrons, respectively.
Because carbon and Chlorine are members of the periodic table’s carbon and halogen family groups, their valence electrons are four and one, respectively.
Total outermost valence shell electron of carbon atom in CCl4= 4
Total outermost valence shell electron of Chlorine atom in CCl4= 1
The CCl4 molecule has one central carbon atom and four Chlorine atoms. Then the total outermost valence shell electrons can be calculated as follows
∴ Total outermost valence shell electrons available for CCl4 Lewis Structure( dot structure) = 4 +4*7= 32 valence electrons in CCl4calculation of total valence electron of CCl4 molecule
Choose the atom with the least electronegative charge and insert it in the molecular geometry of CCl4. We’ll choose the least electronegative atom in the CCl4 molecule to place in the centre of the CCl4 Lewis structure diagram in this phase. The electronegativity value in periodic groups grows from left to right in the periodic table and drops from top to bottom.
Step-2: Adding valence electron on Chlorine atom in the CCl4 molecule
As a result, Chlorine is the second atom in the periodic table’s halogen family group. Carbon is the first member of the carbon family. The electronegative value of a Chlorine atom is lower than that of a carbon atom. Furthermore, Chlorine has a one-electron limit since carbon is the most electronegative element in the CCl4 molecule.
In a CCl4 Lewis Structure diagram, the carbon atom can be the centre atom. As a result, central carbon in the CCl4 Lewis Structure, with all four Chlorines arranged around the tetrahedral geometry.
Step-3: Combining step1 and step2 to get step3 for CCl4 dot structure
Connect the exterior and core atoms of the CCl4 molecule with four single bonds (C-Cl). In this stage, use four single bonds to connect all four Chlorine atoms on the outside of the CCl4 molecule to the central carbon atom in the middle.
Count how many electrons from the outermost valence shell have been used in the CCl4 structure so far. Each C-Cl bond carries two electrons because each carbon atom is connected to four Chlorine atoms by four C-Cl bonds. Bond pairings are what they’re called.
So, out of the total of 32 valence electrons available for the CCl4 Lewis Structure, we used 8 for the CCl4 molecule’s four single (C-Cl) bonds. The CCl4 molecule has lost all of its valence electrons. We don’t need to put the extra electron in the molecular geometry of CCl4.
Place the valence electrons in the C-Cl bond pairs starting with the core carbon and three Chlorine atoms in the CCl4 molecule. In the CCl4 Lewis Structure diagram, we always begin by introducing valence electrons from the central carbon atom. As a result, wrap around the central carbon atom’s bond pair valence electrons first.
Carbon requires 8 electrons in its outermost valence shell to complete its octet. Carbon already shares eight electrons thanks to the four single bonds.
We’ve positioned eight electrons around the central carbon atom, which is represented by a dot, in the CCl4 molecular structure above. The carbon atom completes its octet stability in the CCl4 molecule because it possesses 8 electrons in its outermost valence shell.
Count how many outermost valence shell electrons have been used so far using the CCl4 Lewis Structure. Eight electrons are shown as dots in the CCl4 chemical structure, whereas four single bonds each contain two electrons. The outermost valence shell electrons of the CCl4 molecule are 4 + 4= 8 as a result of the calculation.
So far, we’ve used eight of the CCl4 Lewis structure’s total eight outermost valence shell electrons.
Complete the middle carbon atom octet and, if necessary, apply a covalent bond. The core atom in the CCl4 Lewis Structure is carbon, which is bonded to the Chlorine atoms by four single bonds (C-Cl). With the help of four single bonds, it already shares eight electrons. As a result, carbon follows the octet rule and has eight electrons surrounding it.
How to calculate the formal charge on the carbon atom in CCl4 Lewis Structure?
The formal charge on the CCl4 molecule’s carbon central atom often corresponds to the actual charge on that carbon central atom. In the following computation, the formal charge will be calculated on the central carbon atom of the CCl4 Lewis dot structure.
To calculate the formal charge on the central carbon atom of CCl4 molecule by using the following formula:
The formal charge on the carbon atom of CCl4 molecule= (V. E(C)– L.E(C) – 1/2(B.E))
V.E (C) = Valence electron in carbon atom of CCl4 molecule
L.E(C) = Lone pairs of an electron in the carbon atom of the CCl4 molecule.
B.E = Bond pair electron in C atom of CCl4 moleculecalculation of formal charge on carbon atom in CCl4 molecule
The carbon core atom (four single bonds connected to Chlorines) of the CCl4 molecule has four valence electrons, zero lone pair electrons, and eight bonding electrons. Put these values for the carbon atom in the formula above.
Formal charge on carbon atom of CCl4 molecule = (4- 0-(8/2)) =0
In the Lewis structure of CCl4, the formal charge on the central carbon atom is zero.
In this post, we discussed about method to construct CCl4 Lewis Structure. Need to remember that, if you follow above said method, you can construct molecular dot structure very easily.
What is CCl4 Lewis Structure?
CCl4 Lewis structure is dot representation
What is the formal charge on CCl4 Lewis Structure?
Zero charge on the CCl4 molecular structure
The polarity of the molecules
Polarity of the molecules are listed as follows
- Polarity of BeCl2
- Polarity of SF4
- Polarity of CH2Cl2
- Polarity of NH3
- Polarity of XeF4
- Polarity of BF3
- Polarity of NH4+
- Polarity of CHCl3
- Polarity of BrF3
- Polarity of BrF5
- Polarity of SO3
- Polarity of SCl2
- Polarity of PCl3
- Polarity of H2S
- Polarity of NO2+
- Polarity of HBr
- Polarity of HCl
- Polarity of CH3F
- Polarity of SO2
- Polarity of CH4
Lewis Structure and Molecular Geometry
Lewis structure and molecular geometry of molecules are listed below
- CH4 Lewis structure and CH4 Molecular geometry
- BeCl2 Lewis Structure and BeCl2 Molecular geometry
- SF4 Lewis Structure and SF4 Molecular geometry
- CH2Cl2 Lewis Structure and CH2Cl2 Molecular geometry
- NH3 Lewis Structure and NH3 Molecular geometry
- XeF4 Lewis Structure and XeF4 Molecular geometry
- BF3 Lewis Structure and BF3 Molecular geometry
- NH4+ Lewis Structure and NH4+ Molecular geometry
- CHCl3 Lewis Structure and CHCl3 Molecular geometry
- BrF3 Lewis Structure and BrF3 Molecular geometry
- BrF5 Lewis Structure and BrF5 Molecular geometry
- SO3 Lewis Structure and SO3 Molecular geometry
- SCl2 Lewis structure and SCl2 Molecular Geometry
- PCl3 Lewis structure and PCl3 Molecular Geometry
- H2S Lewis structure and H2S Molecular Geometry